Physical Education A Level

students playing rugby
Getting Ahead

Physical Education A Level at Alton Campus

Are you studying PE A Level at Alton Campus in September? If so, you’re in the right place!

These tasks have been designed to provide you with a good grounding in functional anatomy and physiology. Some of it you may already know from school, but it’s always good to keep fresh in your mind.

three female students playing netball in sports hall

By September, you should be familiar with the following terms:

  • Articulation – where two bones meet together at a joint
  • Flexion – when the joint angle decreases
  • Extension – when the joint angle increases
  • Abduction – moving a limb away from the body’s mid-line
  • Adduction – moving a limb towards the body’s mid-line
  • Circumduction – circular motion of the arm
  • Rotation – when a body part turns about its long axis
  • Pronation – turning the wrist to make the palm face the ground
  • Supination – turning the wrist to make the palm face the sky
  • Lateral flexion – bending the spine sideways
  • Dorsiflexion – making the toes point upwards
  • Plantarflexion – making the toes point to the floor
  • Agonist – the prime mover muscle that is contracting
  • Antagonist – the relaxing muscle that is lengthening

Fill in the table below using either your existing knowledge or look it up online.

Joint Joint Type Articulating

Bones

Movements

Possible

Agonist

Muscle

Antagonist

Muscle

Use in Sport
Wrist

 

Synovial Radius, Ulnar, Carpals 1.

2.

1.

2.

1.

2.

Radio-Ulnar

 

1.

2.

1.

2.

1.

2.

Elbow

 

1.

2.

1.

2.

1.

2.

Shoulder

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Spine

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

1.

2.

3.

4.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Hip

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

1.

2.

3.

4.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Knee

 

1.

2.

1.

2.

1.

2.

Ankle

 

1.

2.

1.

2.

1.

2.

*This is a representation of your learning space and may not be the exact room you will be using

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